Glossary

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Applicant: In the initial Outline Phase, national ministries or legal entities may function as applicants, i.e. submit a NSP Outline to the NAMA Facility. Legal entities must comply with capacity requirements as stipulated in 5.1.1 of the General Information Document (GID) and receive sufficient endorsement by the national government institutions relevant for the implementation of the NSP. In case that the Outline is submitted by a national ministry, e legal entity should be identified as co-applicant. The legal entity (as applicant or co-applicant) will then function as contracting partner for the Detailed Preparation Phase.

In the Proposal Phase, the designated NAMA Support Organisation (NSO) functions as the applicant. The NSO and the NSP Proposal needs to have been endorsed by the national government.

 

Beneficiaries: People in the country (and area), where the NSP is implemented that directly benefit from the NSP by using the services and goods that are provided by the NSP (“end-users”). This could be economic benefits, improvements in quality of life or improved capacities.

 

Business model: A key indicator for transformational change in a sector is the redirection of the flow of funds. In order to achieve this, consumer and/or investor decisions must be influenced towards a low-carbon pathway. The underlying assumption is that consumers/investors will change their commercial/financial decisions if it is economically beneficial for them and if it follows a potentially successful business model. The concept of the NAMA Support Project needs to offer a (potentially) successful “business model” for consumers/investors including adequate financing mechanisms.

 

Co-applicant: If a national ministry submits the NSP Outline, a legal entity complying with the capacity criteria as stipulated in 5.1.1 of the General Information Document (GID) should be identified as co-applicant for the contracting of the Detailed Preparation Phase.

 

DPP: Detailed Preparation Phase

 

Financial ambition: One of the ambition criteria of the NAMA Facility. The financial ambition of a NAMA Support Project is assessed as its ability to leverage additional private and/or public funds for the implementation of the NAMA and/or for financing low-carbon investments related to the NAMA. The financial potential is also reflected in two of the mandatory core indicators of the NAMA Facility.

 

Financial mechanism: An adequate financing mechanism is at the core of a NAMA Support Project. The financing mechanism needs to be defined in a way to incentivise a behavioural change of market participants (consumers, investors) towards a low carbon pathway. At the same time it should ensure the most efficient use of NAMA Facility grants as it leverages public and/or private funds. The financial mechanism possibly in combination with regulatory changes must ensure the sustainable reduction or removal of market barriers. In most cases, this requires a viable phase-out concept for NAMA support and a phase-in concept for other sources of finance preferably from private funding sources.

 

Gantt chart: A visual illustration of the project time schedule. It displays the outcome, the timeframe of outputs and milestones and related activities along the timeline of the NAMA Support Project.

 

General Information Document (GID): Provides general information on the NAMA Facility, its objectives and functioning as well as specific information on the selection process of NAMA Support Projects for funding under the NAMA Facility. The purpose of the document is to assist national governments of partner countries and other potential applicants in preparing NAMA Support Project Outlines for submission to the NAMA Facility.

 

Impacts (long-term results): Long-term direct and indirect effects of the NAMA Support Project that reflect the ambition criteria: potential for transformational change including sustainable development co-benefits, financial ambition and mitigation ambition.

 

Implementation: The implementation of a NAMA Support Project refers to the stage when the project concept, measures and activities are sufficiently developed and prepared to get started on the ground.

 

Implementing Partners (IPs): Implementing partners are national (sector) ministries, financial institutions such as regional or national (development) banks and other public and/or private entities mandated by the national government to implement and operate the NAMA Support Project. The strong involvement and ownership of the national government and implementing partners is considered to be essential for the success of the NAMA Support Project.

 

Indicators: Quantitative or qualitative indicators provide evidence on the achievement of results. Indicators add greater precision to the project goals and serve as a binding standard for measuring the attainment of goals and thus the success of the NAMA Support Project. The NAMA Facility M&E framework defines three types of indicators: core mandatory indicators, sector-specific outcome indicators and project-specific output indicators. All indicators have to be SMART (specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time-bound). Please refer to the NAMA Facility M&E framework for further information.

 

Logframe: The logframe is a results matrix drawn from the results model or theory of change. The logframe shows the linear causal relationship between the impact, the outcome(s) and related outputs and activities of the NAMA Support Project. Indicators are quantitative and qualitative variables to measure changes and results, and sources of verification are needed to substantiate these elements. Central assumptions and risks for achieving the defined targets also have to be described in the logframe as it is the basis for the NSP’s M&E concept.

 

Mitigation ambition / potential: This is one of the ambition criteria of the NAMA Facility and describes the direct and indirect greenhouse gas emission (GHG) reductions caused by the NAMA Support Project. The mitigation potential is also reflected in one of the mandatory core indicators of the NAMA Facility.

 

NAMA Facility: Jointly established by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) and the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC), and co-funded by the Danish government and the EU Commission. It provides financial support to developing countries and emerging economies that show leadership on tackling climate change and that want to implement transformational country-led NAMAs within the global mitigation architecture.

 

NAMA Facility Board (Board): The central decision-making body of the NAMA Facility. Currently the Board comprises representatives from four Donors, i.e. German BMUB, UK DECC, Danish Ministry of Energy, Utilities and Climate (EFKM) and Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) and European Commission (EU COM). The Board takes all relevant decisions related to strategy, policies, guidelines and budget, and selects the NAMA Support Projects for funding.

 

NAMA Facility Grant Agent (NFGA): As NFGA of the NAMA Facility GIZ is commissioned to administer the NAMA Facility. This comprises financial and contractual management as well as due diligence of NAMA Support Organisations.

 

NAMA Support Organisations (NSOs): NSOs are responsible and accountable for the proper delivery of funds and/or services, the financial and administrative management of the NAMA Support Project, reporting to the TSU and Donors and for monitoring. The architecture of the NAMA Facility does not allow for a direct transfer of funds to the implementing (government) institution in the partner country. Eligible NSOs can submit Outlines and Proposals for NAMA Support Projects to the NAMA Facility.

 

NAMA Support Projects (NSPs): Projects funded by the NAMA Facility that will provide support to governments for the implementation of parts of the most ambitious parts of their NAMAs through the provision of financial support and technical cooperation instruments.

 

Outcome: The overarching direct project goal and direct effects that can be causally attributed to the NAMA Support Project interventions and reflects the utilisation of the outputs by the target group.

 

Output: Products, goods, services and regulations/ standards that have arisen as a result of the NAMA Support Project activities.

 

Readiness: Readiness refers to the degree of maturity or development of a NAMA Support Project. Activities to prepare a project are generally referred to as readiness activities. In the sense of the NAMA Facility, a NAMA Support Project is considered to be ready, when it is able to move to the implementation stage of the activity right away, after a limited detailed preparation e.g. of the envisaged financial mechanisms. The NAMA Facility provides support for the implementation of NAMAs.

 

Stakeholders: People or organisations that actively participate in the project or are directly affected by the NSP in a positive or negative way. They could be actively involved in the NSP as intermediary organisations in the implementation (e.g. micro finance institutions or associations) or passively associated rather as a recipient (benefitting from capacity building or being targeted for harm reduction purposes). Stakeholders are different from the targeted beneficiaries of an NSP.

 

Sustainable development co-benefits: Contributions to sustainable socio-economic, ecological and institutional development associated with a NSPs and which go beyond the reduction of GHG emissions. Co-benefits are mostly reflected in the respective sector policy and can be obtained at a regional or local level (e.g. increase in income, social security, reduction of airborne pollutants). Sustainable development co-benefits are considered a key element to create country ownership and a driver for transformational change and thus can have an important impact on the long-term sustainability of a NAMA Support Project.

 

Technical Support Unit (TSU): Assists the Board in managing the NAMA Facility. The TSU is the secretariat of the NAMA Facility and the focal point for national governments, NSAs and other stakeholders. The TSU is responsible for organising calls for NSP Outlines, assessing NSP Outlines and Proposals and Monitoring and Evaluation of the NAMA Facility during implementation. It also has responsibility for the financial management of the NAMA Facility.

 

Transformational change potential: Change is considered transformational if it is significant, abrupt (quicker than the business-as-usual) and permanent/irreversible in bringing the country on a low-carbon development trajectory in line with the 2-degree-objective. Projects can support the transformational change by enabling a significant evolution in terms of scope (e.g. scaling-up or replication), a faster change or a significant shift from one state to another. They do so by influencing policies, regulation, and enforcement and by providing adequate financing mechanisms that manage to incentivise consumer/investor decisions in order to sustainably redirect the flow of funds in the sector towards the low-carbon pathway.

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