Forests in Tajikistan were heavily exploited following the disintegration of the Soviet Union and a civil war between 1992 and 1997. This has left the country with a forest cover of around two per cent, and threatens important ecosystem services. Recent reforms in the forestry sector mean Tajikistan now has up-to-date forestry legislation. However, it is not being implemented as a result of lack of capacity and financial resources.
The NAMA Support Project has several aims. These include forest renewal, conservation and sustainable management, contributing to climate change mitigation. Its other objectives are to maintain biodiversity, improve the livelihoods of local people and leverage public and private finance.