China – Integrated Waste Management NAMA

Latest Updates:

  • The China IWM NAMA team invited Impact Hub Shanghai and the fashion brand Bottloop to speak about their innovative & sustainable approaches in fashion industry. On 24 March 2022, the live streaming “Waste to fashion” reached over 16,000 viewings on the live streaming channels. Learn more.
  • Additional capacity development events and awareness-raising campaigns were organised, including outreach activities directed to the private sector, which aimed at explaining the business opportunities of a low-carbon transition.
  • Food Waste Treatment Technologies in China have been evaluated using the method of life-cycle assessment (LCA). Learn more.
  • From 26-30 July 2021 the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), China Association of Urban Environmental Sanitation (CAUES) and adelphi consult jointly organized the “Training of Trainers on Integrated Solid Waste Management” in Suzhou, China. Learn more.

(As of April 2022)


As the world’s largest CO2 emitter, China has a key role in global climate change mitigation. Based on China’s GHG inventory in 2005, 1.5 per cent of the total Chinese CO2 emissions originate from the waste sector, amounting to 111 Mt CO2e. By 2030, China’s rapid urbanisation is expected to lead to one billion urban citizens, with an estimated annual emission reduction potential of 230.4 Mt CO2e from municipal solid waste (MSW). Following its development targets and national commitment towards a low-carbon and circular economy, China has updated its NDCs in 2021 and is strengthening its efforts to reduce GHG emissions and increase the usage of urban waste for energy generation. However, the transformation of the waste sector towards low-carbon pathways still faces technical and capacity challenges. 

Building on current Chinese plans for GHG emission reductions, circular economy, urbanisation and waste management, the NAMA Support Project (NSP) “China Integrated Waste Management NAMA” demonstrates in five municipalities – Taian, Xian, Lanzhou, Bengbu and Suzhou – how  integrated waste management and waste-to-energy systems can be operated as profitable business cases.

The project aims to capitalise on the significant Chinese investments entering the waste sector by supporting the best-available practices for integrated waste management in five pilot cities. It also intends to increase capacity of sector stakeholders. Policy advice provided to the Chinese government aims at further reducing the existing market barriers currently hindering the sector’s transformation. By enabling the sector to make use of new income streams from the energy and carbon market, as well as matching private sector engagement in existing networks, the NSP supports the upscaling of integrated waste management solutions in China. 

Initially, based on the assumption that the NSP would be implemented in three demonstration municipalities, the direct GHG emissions reduction potential was estimated between 210,000 and 400,000 t CO2e per year, depending on waste composition and technologies applied. Working with five cities, between 2019 and 2021, the NSP has reached a cumulative direct GHG emissions reduction of approximately four million tons of CO2e. In 2021, six new municipalities have shown the interest in replicating solutions promoted by the NSP. The Measuring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) methodology developed within the project has also received broad attention in China.

Partner MinistriesMinistry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development
NAMA Support OrganisationDeutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Implementing PartnersChina Association of Urban Environmental Sanitation (CAUES)
Funding Volume ProvidedEUR 8 million
Project Duration2017–2022
Call3rd Call

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