In Mozambique, the number of people residing in urban areas has tremendously increased, from 3.3 million in 1990 to over 10 million in 2017. This rapid urbanization, combined with increasing economic activity, has led to a substantial growth of waste volumes. To date, over 98% of collected waste is being disposed of at uncontrolled dumpsites. This results in substantial greenhouse gas emissions of 1.5 million tonnes CO2e per year, and causes serious health threats to the people living in surrounding areas.
This NAMA Support Project (NSP) will support the government in addressing the challenges associated with urban waste management through the implementation of a comprehensive and ambitious Programme for Sustainable Waste Management (ProSWM), which envisions a complete transformation of the waste sector in Mozambique, with the final aim of building a circular economy.
With the help of the NSP and other partners, ProSWM will further elaborate and enhance the legal and regulatory framework for waste management in Mozambique with a particular focus on the implementation of the existing Regulation on Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR Regulation). ProSWM will also establish dedicated financial support mechanisms to promote investments in sustainable waste management practices and infrastructure for micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises, as well as for medium- and large-scale waste treatment infrastructure projects, such as recycling facilities, material recovery facilities, energy recovery facilities or sanitary landfills with methane capturing. The NSP will support the operationalization of the new equipment and infrastructure, and start widespread awareness raising campaigns and institutional capacity building programmes in order to promote, improve and enforce more sustainable waste management practices throughout the country.
ProSWM is expected to achieve emission reductions totalling 500,000 tCO2e by the end of the NSP in 2024 and 2.8 million tCO2e by the end of 2030. Co-benefits of the transformation towards a circular economy will include cleaner living environments in cities, reduced health risks, direct and indirect job creation and the development of recycling industries.