The Government of Peru developed the Sustainable Urban Transport (SUT) NAMA to halt the trend towards urban sprawl dominated by cars and afflicted by serious traffic jams , poor road safety and low air quality. The NAMA rests on two building blocks: high quality public transport provision and vehicle fleet optimisation. Progress in these areas requires several changes:
- a better policy framework (e.g. fuel economy standards)
- additional infrastructure (e.g. metro lines, cycle lanes)
- a strong institutional set-up (e.g. dedicated transport authority for Lima/Callao).
A policy matrix will drive this vision through, integrating the partners’ common agenda in a structured way to allow rigorous transformation. It consists of six major approaches to emission reduction:
- Integrated mass public transit system in the metropolitan area of Lima
- Non-motorised transport
- Institutional set-up for urban transport management
- Control and mitigation of GHG emissions and local pollutants from motor vehicles
- Modernisation of the public transport motor vehicle fleet
- Support to local authorities on sustainable urban transport.
The NAMA Support Project is essential to successfully implementing the NAMA, as it creates a solid basis for follow-up measures by designing and driving through key structural change. It provides closely linked financial and technical support in three areas:
- coordination: steering committee coordination with donors as well as between institutions (GIZ / KfW to act as Technical Secretariat);
- mitigation: implementation of selected points in the policy matrix at national and sub-national level;
- measurement, reporting and verification (MRV): setting up the MRV system in collaboration with other relevant institutions.
Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are to be reduced by at least 2.2 million tonnes CO2 between 2012 and 2022 to 4.3 million tonnes CO2 compared to business as usual.