Thailand – Thai Rice NAMA

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  • Capacity building and training activities such as sustainable and low-carbon rice practice trainings for government officers, private companies, and farmers were led. Seven demonstration plots were conducted to showcase and communicate the benefits of low-emission rice farming and promote technology adoption, and to build capacity of local and central government staff related to monitoring, reporting and verification for GHG emissions in the rice sector.
  • The implementation strategy and model for four basic mitigation technologies (laser land levelling, alternate wetting and drying, site-specific nutrient management, straw & stubble management) and integrated pest management were developed.
  • The work of developing a sustainable rice standard for Thailand (Indicator “Thai Rice Sustainable Rice Platform (SRP)/Good Agricultural Practices (GAP)++ with low-emission rice farming practice has become a national voluntary standard”) has started. Together with Rice Department, a workplan for the standard was developed, a stakeholder consultation meeting was conducted, an SRP seminar was organised at the international trade fair Thai Food Expo in Bangkok, and SRP trainings for 46 government officers and private rice sourcing companies as well as 60 smart farmers were conducted.

(As of January 2020)


Agriculture is the second largest greenhouse gas (GHG) emitting sector in Thailand, at the same time being highly vulnerable to adverse climate change effects. The Thai rice sector is not only responsible for almost 60 per cent of Thailand’s emissions from agricultural activities, but is also the world’s 4th largest emitter of rice-related GHG – mainly methane. 

The Sustainable Rice Platform (SRP) a multi-stakeholder platform co-convened by UNEP and the International Rice Research Institute to promote resource efficiency and sustainability in trade flows, production and consumption operations, and supply chains in the global rice sector has a first global voluntary standard and successfully pilot tested the standard for the production of sustainable rice. 

This SRP Standard provides a framework for advanced farming practices, leading to higher net profits, increased yields, enhanced food safety, and – last but not least – lower GHG emissions. In irrigated rice cultivation, switching from conventional farming practices to applying an Alternate Wetting and Drying (AWD) on laser land-levelled fields can reduce significantly methane emissions.

The NSP will outreach to 100,000 rice farming households in Thailand in shifting from conventional to low-emission farming in Thailand.

The NSP will work with farmers and farmers’ associations as well as external service providers (e.g. for land-levelling) in adapting these advanced farming practices and develop respective incentive schemes including financial support. While the NSP plans to focus on six relevant provinces in the Central Plains of Thailand its replicability of this innovative approach on the national scale and also in the ASEAN region will be facilitated by the NSP. 

Financial ambition: The NSP expects to generate additional EUR 21.5 million direct financial investments from the private sector for the implementation of innovative financial incentives. The Royal Thai Government currently earmarks at least another EUR 25 million annually in agriculture- and mitigation-related areas. 

Mitigation potential: the switch to low-emission cultivation of rice is estimated to have a potential of avoiding emissions of 1.664 Mt CO2e cumulative over the 5-year lifespan of the NSP with increasing annual mitigation potential, reducing baseline emissions from irrigated rice by more than 26 per cent.

Farmer explaining rice cultivation methods, Thailand. Copyrights: Georg KraftFarmer explaining rice cultivation methods, Thailand. Copyrights: Georg KraftLand leveling method applied at rice field in Thailand. Copyright: Georg KraftLand leveling method applied at rice field in Thailand. Copyright: Georg Kraft
Partner MinistriesMinistry of Agriculture and Cooperatives; Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment
NAMA Support OrganisationDeutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GmbH)
Implementing PartnersBank of Agriculture and Agricultural Cooperatives (BAAC); Sustainable Rice Platform (SRP); International Rice Research Institute (IRRI); OLAM International; UTZ
Funding Volume ProvidedEUR 14.9 million
Project Duration2018-2023
Call4th Call

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